Metal armor, firearms, steel edged weapons, and the horse gave the Spanish a huge advantage. The Aztecs were hated and feared by other Mexican tribes,who were thus more than happy to gang up with the Spanish to destroy them. Additionally, they have formed alliances with the people that Aztecs conquered (such as the Tlaxcaltecas) who felt mistreated by the Aztec . In Mexico it was the … The conquest of Tenochtitlan and the subsequent consolidation of Spanish domination over the former Aztec Empire was the first major possession in what became the Spanish Empire. The Spanish brought smallpox and various other Old World diseases with them to which New World populations had little resistance. You do not need to cite them Except when you are directly quoting from the the sources. Widespread plagues followed, weakening the empire. The Inca seriously underestimated the Spanish,because of their small numbers.Unlike the Aztecs, the Inca were under no illusion about who exactly the newcomers were,nor what they were after. Cortes and his men used gunpowder technology to make firearms. The Aztecs were driven back into Tenochtitlán, and Cortes and his allies laid siege. After months of bitter street fighting by August 1521, the smoking ruins were finally in Spanish hands and the Aztecs had been virtually exterminated. One significant factor was disease. The Spanish had more advanced technology, especially firearms: this has taken the Aztecs by surprise. This awesome reputation helped tiny Spanish armies, often less than two hundred men, to conquer vast native populations. TACTICAL FACTORS IN THE SPANISH CONQUEST OF THE AZTECS DOUGLAS A. DANIEL Western Washington University A perspective largely unexamined in past works on the Spanish Conquest of Mexico has been the details of the tactical systems of the respective sides, and how these systems worked on the battlefield to produce the Spanish victory. What factors allowed Spanish Conquistadors to conquer the native tribes? Decline in the empires was one. The Spanish had superior weaponry to the Aztecs, and were aided by rival tribes who resented Aztec rule. Their classic method was to march on the native capital, form an alliance with rebel natives, and then seize the supreme ruler. Under the leadership of Cuauhtémoc, the Aztecs refused to surrender, and Cortes had to invade. The Spanish had guns and horses. It only took Cortes and his soldiers three years to conquer the Aztec Empire. Description. There were several factors that enabled the Cortes and his men to conquer the Aztecs. 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